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Artificial intelligence (AI), the ability of digital computer or computer controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.

Artificial Intelligence is a computer, a robot, or a product to think how smart human think. AI is a study of how human brain think, learn, decide and work, when it tries to solve problems. And finally this study outputs intelligent software systems.India has a robust IT ecosystem and all the capabilities to democratize any technology. Globally, we are recognized as a country that has a huge AI-skilled workforce. India is proceeding in the direction of digital transformation, the increasing penetration of digital technologies has encouraged artificial intelligence in India by the current government but the question arises, can India be the artificial intelligence superpower country?

India, being the fastest growing economy with the second largest population in the world,has a significant Stake in the AI revolution.



Application of AI in healthcare can help address issues of high barriers to access to healthcare facilities, particularly in rural areas that suffer from poor connectivity and limited supply of healthcare professionals. This can be achieved through implementation of use cases such as AI driven diagnostics, personalised treatment, early identification of potential pandemics, and imaging diagnostics, among others.


AI holds the promise of driving a food revolution and meeting the increased demand for food (global need to produce 50% more food and cater to an additional 2 billion people by 2050 as compared to today). It also has the potential to address challenges such as inadequate demand prediction, lack of assured irrigation, and overuse / misuse of pesticides and fertilisers. Some use cases include improvement in crop yield through real time advisory, advanced detection of pest attacks, and prediction of crop prices to inform sowing practices.

c) Education and Skilling: 

AI can potentially solve for quality and access issues observed in the Indian education sector. Potential use cases include augmenting and enhancing the learning experience through personalised learning, automating and expediting administrative tasks, and predicting the need for student intervention to reduce dropouts or recommend vocational training.

d)Smart Cities and Infrastructure :

Smart Cities: Integration of AI in newly developed smart cities and infrastructure could also help meet the demands of a rapidly urbanising population and providing them with enhanced quality of life. Potential use cases include traffic control to reduce congestion and enhanced security through improved crowd management.

ACTIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT : Recognising AI’s potential to transform economies and the need for India to 
strategise its approach, Hon’ble Finance Minister, in his budget speech for 2018 – 2019, mandated NITI Aayog to establish the National Program on AI, with a view to guiding the research and development in new and emerging technologies. In pursuance of the above, NITI Aayog has adopted a three-pronged approach :-
1.undertaking exploratory proof-of-concept AI projects in various areas, 
2.crafting a national strategy for building a vibrant AI ecosystem in India 
3.collaborating with various experts and 
Since the start of this year, NITI Aayog has partnered with several leading AI technology 
players to implement AI projects in critical areas such as agriculture and health.
Achieving the goal of #AIforAll requires long term and engaged institutional collaboration between all the stakeholders including the citizens. However, while playing the primary role in ensuring that this collaborative strategy succeeds, the government needs to be mindful of not crowding out the private sector. Role of the government thus needs to be one of a facilitator, an active promoter and wherever 
required, of an owner.

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